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Citrus Bigaradia

The rind of the cagel is the so-called bitter orange peel, the best of which comes from Curaçao and Barbadoes

NOM. VULG.—Naranjas del país, Sp.; Kahel, Kahil, Tag.; Native Orange, Eng.

USES.—The rind of the cagel is the so-called bitter orange peel, the best of which comes from Curaçao and Barbadoes. It is tonic and is used in decoction and in syrup. The infusion of the leaves, 5–10 grams to the liter, is useful as a sedative and diaphoretic in hysterical and nervous attacks; the infusion of the flowers is similarly used. When distilled the flowers yield a very sweet essential oil called neroli, which is used as a perfume only.

BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION.—A tree 15–20° high, trunk bearing solitary spines.

Leaves medium lanceolate, serrate, the apex notched, petioles winged. Flowers usually solitary. Calyx 4–5-toothed. Corolla 4–5 petals. Filaments joined or separate. Anthers about 20. The fruit, a small orange 2′ or more in diameter, the peel closely adherent.

The C. aurantium verum or C. reticulata (Blanco) has a yellow pulp and the rind is readily separated from it, a thin net of fibers intervening.

Reference book: The Medicinal Plants of the Philippines

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