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Casuarina Sumatrana

The bark is astringent by virtue of the large quantity of tannin it contains. Its principal use is in decoction in the treatment of diarrhoea

USES.—The bark is astringent by virtue of the large quantity of tannin it contains.

Its principal use is in decoction in the treatment of diarrhoea, dysentery and hæmoptysis; it is also given in amenorrhoea, though it is apt to increase the pain.

Externally it is used as a wash for contusions and ulcers.

Another species, C. equisetifolia, Forst., confounded with the former species by the natives, has the same therapeutic applications.

BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION.—A tree with stellately arranged straight branches.

Leaves stellate, long, narrow, linear, 4-grooved. They have been compared to the tail of a horse and the tail of a certain bird—the casobar. Staminate and pistillate flowers greenish, on different parts of the same stalk. Staminate, in small aments. Pistillate on small globose aments; calyx proper of the floweret, a coarse scale; corolla none; ovary conical; styles 2, flattened, divergent; stigmas acute.

Fruit: Each floweret produces a woody seed-vessel, bivalved, ovate, glabrous, with a small seed ending in an oval wing; all these seed vessels joined form a small cone about 1′ long.

HABITAT.—Very common in Ilocos, Tarlak, Binangonang of Lampong and N.

Ecija.

Reference book: The Medicinal Plants of the Philippines

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