The Foreman resides at the place appointed for him.
He receives his orders and instructions from, and makes his reports to, the superintendent.
He must set an example to the men of alacrity and skill in the discharge of his duty, and of regularity in his general behaviour.
In the absence of the superintendent, the foreman of the district will take the command of the whole force, both those of his own district and of all other engines and men which may come to his assistance in cases of fire.
He does not attend fires that happen out of his own district unless he receives orders from the superintendent to that effect.
He endeavours to ascertain the cause of the fire, and reports the same to the superintendent.
On the alarm of fire being given in his own district, he instantly repairs to the spot, and uses his utmost endeavours to get the engines into play and supply them with water. The first engine and firemen which arrive at a fire are not interfered with, nor their supplies of water diverted from them, by those coming afterwards, unless by a distinct order from the superintendent, or, in his absence, from the foreman of the district. The same rule applies to each succeeding engine which takes up a position.
He is careful to place the engines in such a manner that the men who work at the levers may be in no danger from the falling of the premises on fire; and also that the engines may not be in the way of people carrying out furniture, &c.; but, above all things, he endeavours to place the engineers with their branch pipes in such positions that the water from the branches may directly strike the burning materials. This he cannot too often inculcate on the men placed under him, as upon this point, on being properly attended to, depends entirely the effect of the engines. To attain this most desirable end, it is frequently necessary to enter the premises on fire, and the foreman takes care so to place his men that they can easily escape. If he has reason to suspect that the building is not sufficiently secure, he stations one or two competent men to observe the state of the building, and to give the alarm when they see any danger.
He never allows any man unaccompanied by another to enter a building on fire.
He does not throw more water on the premises than is absolutely necessary to extinguish the fire, as all the water thrown after the fire is extinguished, only tends to increase the damage.
When the inmates of the premises on fire are removed, the foreman endeavours to exclude air from the parts on fire, by shutting all doors and windows as far as may be practicable.
He is responsible for the conduct of the men placed under him, and for the state of the engines, which must at all times be kept in first-rate order; he also makes himself well acquainted with the talent and general character of each individual under him.
He visits every engine-house in his district at least once in the twenty-four hours; he sees that the men are on duty, the engines ready for service, and everything in proper order, and enters his visit in a book kept for that purpose, with the date and hour of his visit. If he finds anything wrong, he enters it in the book, and immediately sends off a report to the superintendent by one of the men not on duty.
He sends a written report twice in every twenty-four hours to the superintendent, which contains a particular statement of all fires and everything else connected with the Establishment which has occurred in his district within the preceding twelve hours.
He returns in his report of a fire the names of such men, if any, as were not ready to start with the engine to which they are attached.
It is expected that he is able and ready to give instructions to the engineers and men on all points relating to their duty.
He receives and enters, in a book kept for that purpose, all complaints which may be made against any person under his command, causing the complaining party to sign the same and insert his address, and he reports the whole matter without delay to the superintendent.
He is responsible for the engines in his district being each provided with the articles contained in the following list:— 2 lengths of scaling ladder.
1 canvas sheet, with 10 or 12 handles of rope round the edge of it, used as a portable fire-escape.
2 pieces of 2-1/2-inch rope, one 10 fathoms and one 14 fathoms long.
7 lengths of hose, each 40 feet long.
2 branch pipes, one 4 and the other 1 foot long.
3 nozzles, or jet pipes.
4 lengths of suction-pipe, each about 6 feet long.
1 flat rose.
2 balls of strips of sheep-skin.
2 balls of small cord.
4 hose wrenches.
1 fire hook.
1 portable cistern.
1 hatchet or pole-axe.
1 iron crow-bar.
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